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Grönland Englisch

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Grönland Englisch

Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu's millions of a der essay fs diwali Aufsatz in Englisch für die Klasse 3 wo. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "im Inland" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen. Appendix to Initia GrГ¦ca, Part I: Additional Exercises, with Examination to Initia GrГ¦ca, Part II, Containing Easy Reading Lessons (Englisch) Taschenbuch – Many of the books in our collection have been out of print for decades, and. The orthography of Greenlandic was established in [] and revised in The singer-songwriter Simon Lynge is the first musical artist from Greenland to have an Single Deck (EspreГџo) - Video Slots Online released across the United Kingdom, and to perform at the UK's Glastonbury Festival. Retrieved 8 July The Competition. Archived from the original on 8 December Formerly consisting of three counties comprising a total of 18 municipalities, Greenland abolished these in and has since been divided into large territories known as "municipalities" Greenlandic : kommuneqarfiitDanish : kommuner : Sermersooq "Much Ice" around the capital Nuuk and also including all East Coast GrГ¶nland Englisch Kujalleq "South" around Cape Farewell ; Qeqqata "Centre" north of the capital along the Davis Strait ; Qeqertalik "The one with islands" surrounding Disko Bay ; and Avannaata "Northern" in the northwest; the latter two having come into being as a result of the Qaasuitsup municipality, one of the original go here, being partitioned in Choose a dictionary. Retrieved 13 September There is also a secondary school, with either work education or preparatory for university education.

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Accept More Informations. Calzature Grünland: come scegliere la giusta misura? Posiziona il piede su una superficie piana con il tallone contro un bordo dritto o una parete.

Posiziona un righello accanto al piede, toccando lo stesso bordo dritto del tallone. When the union between the crowns of Denmark and Norway was dissolved in , the Treaty of Kiel severed Norway's former colonies and left them under the control of the Danish monarch.

Norway occupied then-uninhabited eastern Greenland as Erik the Red's Land in July , claiming that it constituted terra nullius.

Norway and Denmark agreed to submit the matter in to the Permanent Court of International Justice , which decided against Norway. On 8 April , the United States occupied Greenland to defend it against a possible invasion by Germany.

Greenland was able to buy goods from the United States and Canada by selling cryolite from the mine at Ivittuut. Bluie was the military code name for Greenland.

During this war, the system of government changed: Governor Eske Brun ruled the island under a law of that allowed governors to take control under extreme circumstances; Governor Aksel Svane was transferred to the United States to lead the commission to supply Greenland.

The Danish Sirius Patrol guarded the northeastern shores of Greenland in using dogsleds. They detected several German weather stations and alerted American troops, who destroyed the facilities.

After the collapse of the Third Reich, Albert Speer briefly considered escaping in a small aeroplane to hide out in Greenland, but changed his mind and decided to surrender to the United States Armed Forces.

Greenland had been a protected and very isolated society until The Danish government had maintained a strict monopoly of Greenlandic trade , allowing only small scale troaking with Scottish whalers.

In wartime Greenland developed a sense of self-reliance through self-government and independent communication with the outside world.

Two years later, the first step towards a change of government was initiated when a grand commission was established.

A final report G was presented in Greenland was to be a modern welfare state with Denmark as sponsor and example. In , Greenland was made an equal part of the Danish Kingdom.

Home rule was granted in Denmark refused to sell it. In he worked with former senator Robert J. Walker to explore the possibility of buying Greenland and perhaps Iceland.

Opposition in Congress ended this project. The United States tried to construct a subterranean network of secret nuclear missile launch sites in the Greenlandic ice cap, named Project Iceworm.

It managed this project from Camp Century from to before abandoning it as unworkable. With the Danish constitution, Greenland's colonial status ended as the island was incorporated into the Danish realm as an amt county.

Danish citizenship was extended to Greenlanders. Danish policies toward Greenland consisted of a strategy of cultural assimilation — or de-Greenlandification.

During this period, the Danish government promoted the exclusive use of the Danish language in official matters, and required Greenlanders to go to Denmark for their post-secondary education.

Many Greenlandic children grew up in boarding schools in southern Denmark, and a number lost their cultural ties to Greenland. While the policies "succeeded" in the sense of shifting Greenlanders from being primarily subsistence hunters into being urbanized wage earners, the Greenlandic elite began to reassert a Greenlandic cultural identity.

A movement developed in favour of independence, reaching its peak in the s. This gave Greenland limited autonomy with its own legislature taking control of some internal policies, while the Parliament of Denmark maintained full control of external policies, security, and natural resources.

The law came into effect on 1 May On 21 June , Greenland gained self-rule with provisions for assuming responsibility for self-government of judicial affairs , policing, and natural resources.

Also, Greenlanders were recognized as a separate people under international law. Denmark upholds the annual block grant of 3.

This is generally considered to be a step toward eventual full independence from Denmark. Greenland is the world's largest non-continental island [71] and the third largest area in North America after Canada and the United States.

Greenland also contains the world's largest national park , and it is the largest dependent territory by area in the world, as well as the fourth largest country subdivision in the world , after Sakha Republic in Russia , Australia 's state of Western Australia , and Russia's Krasnoyarsk Krai , and the largest in North America.

The ice flows generally to the coast from the centre of the island. A survey led by French scientist Paul-Emile Victor in concluded that, under the ice sheet, Greenland is composed of three large islands.

All towns and settlements of Greenland are situated along the ice-free coast, with the population being concentrated along the west coast.

The northeastern part of Greenland is not part of any municipality, but it is the site of the world's largest national park, Northeast Greenland National Park.

At least four scientific expedition stations and camps had been established on the ice sheet in the ice-covered central part of Greenland indicated as pale blue in the adjacent map : Eismitte , North Ice , North GRIP Camp and The Raven Skiway.

There is a year-round station Summit Camp on the ice sheet, established in The extreme north of Greenland, Peary Land , is not covered by an ice sheet, because the air there is too dry to produce snow, which is essential in the production and maintenance of an ice sheet.

In , a small island, 35 by 15 metres by 49 feet in length and width, was discovered by arctic explorer Dennis Schmitt and his team at the coordinates of Whether this island is permanent is not yet confirmed.

If it is, it is the northernmost permanent known land on Earth. In , the existence of a new island was announced.

Named " Uunartoq Qeqertaq " English: Warming Island , this island has always been present off the coast of Greenland, but was covered by a glacier.

This glacier was discovered in to be shrinking rapidly, and by had completely melted away, leaving the exposed island. More islets are likely to appear as the sheet of frozen water covering the world's largest island continues to melt".

Up to Stage 0 it showed postglacial glacier stages dating back about 7,, years. The climatic glacier snowline ELA was at about metres 2, feet.

The current snowline Stage 0 is nearly unchanged. During the oldest Postglacial Stage VII an ice-stream network from valley glaciers joined each other and completely covered the land.

Its nourishing areas consist of high-lying plateau glaciers and local ice caps. However, due to the rise of the snowline about metres feet — corresponding to a warming of about 1.

Findings show that Greenland has lost 3. There are approximately known species of insects in Greenland, which is low compared with other countries over one million species have been described worldwide.

The sea is rich in fish and invertebrates, especially in the milder West Greenland Current ; a large part of the Greenland fauna is associated with marine-based food chains, including large colonies of seabirds.

The few native land mammals in Greenland include the polar bear , reindeer introduced by Europeans , arctic fox , arctic hare , musk ox , collared lemming , ermine , and arctic wolf.

The last four are found naturally only in East Greenland , having immigrated from Ellesmere Island. There are dozens of species of seals and whales along the coast.

Land fauna consists predominantly of animals which have spread from North America or, in the case of many birds and insects, from Europe.

There are no native or free-living reptiles or amphibians on the island. The island is sparsely populated in vegetation; plant life consists mainly of grassland and small shrubs, which are regularly grazed by livestock.

The most common tree native to Greenland is the European white birch Betula pubescens along with gray-leaf willow Salix glauca , rowan Sorbus aucuparia , common juniper Juniperus communis and other smaller trees, mainly willows.

Greenland's flora consists of about species of "higher" plants, i. Of the other groups, the lichens are the most diverse, with about species; there are species of fungi; mosses and bryophytes are also found.

Most of Greenland's higher plants have circumpolar or circumboreal distributions; only a dozen species of saxifrage and hawkweed are endemic.

A few plant species were introduced by the Norsemen, such as cow vetch. The terrestrial vertebrates of Greenland include the Greenland dog , which was introduced by the Inuit , as well as European -introduced species such as Greenlandic sheep , goats , cattle , reindeer , horse , chicken and sheepdog , all descendants of animals imported by Europeans.

Whale species include the beluga whale , blue whale , Greenland whale , fin whale , humpback whale , minke whale , narwhal , pilot whale , sperm whale.

As of , species of fish from over 80 different families are known from the waters surrounding Greenland. Almost all are marine species with only a few in freshwater, notably Atlantic salmon and charr.

Birds, particularly seabirds, are an important part of Greenland's animal life; breeding populations of auks , puffins , skuas , and kittiwakes are found on steep mountainsides.

Breeding migratory birds include the snow bunting , lapland bunting , ringed plover , red-throated loon and red-necked phalarope.

Non-migratory land birds include the arctic redpoll , ptarmigan , short-eared owl , snowy owl , gyrfalcon and white-tailed eagle. The monarch officially retains executive power and presides over the Council of State privy council.

The monarch is not answerable for his or her actions, and the monarch's person is sacrosanct. The party system is dominated by the social-democratic Forward Party, and the democratic socialist Inuit Community Party, both of which broadly argue for greater independence from Denmark.

The dominance of the Forward and Inuit Community parties began to wane after the snap and elections. The non-binding referendum on self-governance favoured increased self-governance by 21, votes to 6, Greenland retains some ties with the EU via Denmark.

However, EU law largely does not apply to Greenland except in the area of trade. The Queen's government in Denmark appoints a high commissioner Rigsombudsmand to represent it on the island.

The commissioner is Mikaela Engell. Greenlanders elect two representatives to the Folketing , Denmark's parliament, out of a total of The government is the Naalakkersuisut whose members are appointed by the premier.

The head of government is the premier , usually the leader of the majority party in Parliament. The premier is Kim Kielsen of the Siumut party.

In , a political scandal resulted in Denmark after a report revealed the government had given tacit permission for nuclear weapons to be located in Greenland, in contravention of Denmark's nuclear-free zone policy.

Formerly consisting of three counties comprising a total of 18 municipalities, Greenland abolished these in and has since been divided into large territories known as "municipalities" Greenlandic : kommuneqarfiit , Danish : kommuner : Sermersooq "Much Ice" around the capital Nuuk and also including all East Coast communities; Kujalleq "South" around Cape Farewell ; Qeqqata "Centre" north of the capital along the Davis Strait ; Qeqertalik "The one with islands" surrounding Disko Bay ; and Avannaata "Northern" in the northwest; the latter two having come into being as a result of the Qaasuitsup municipality, one of the original four, being partitioned in The northeast of the island composes the unincorporated Northeast Greenland National Park.

During its construction, there were as many as 12, American residents but in recent years the number has been below 1, The Greenlandic economy is highly dependent on fishing.

Greenland is abundant in minerals. Other mineral prospects are improving as prices are increasing. These include iron, uranium , aluminium, nickel, platinum , tungsten , titanium , and copper.

Despite resumption [ when? The state oil company Nunaoil was created to help develop the hydrocarbon industry in Greenland.

The state company Nunamineral has been launched on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange to raise more capital to increase the production of gold, started in Electricity has traditionally been generated by oil or diesel power plants, even if there is a large surplus of potential hydropower.

There is a programme to build hydro power plants. The first, and still the largest, is Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant. There are also plans to build a large aluminium smelter, using hydropower to create an exportable product.

It is expected that much of the labour needed will be imported. In early , the Greenland government said that it had no plans to impose such restrictions.

The public sector, including publicly owned enterprises and the municipalities, plays a dominant role in Greenland's economy.

About half the government revenues come from grants from the Danish government, an important supplement to the gross domestic product GDP.

Gross domestic product per capita is equivalent to that of the average economies of Europe. Greenland suffered an economic contraction in the early s.

But, since , the economy has improved. The Greenland Home Rule Government GHRG has pursued a tight fiscal policy since the late s, which has helped create surpluses in the public budget and low inflation.

Since , Greenland has registered a foreign-trade deficit following the closure of the last remaining lead and zinc mine that year.

In , new sources of ruby in Greenland have been discovered, promising to bring new industry and a new export from the country. There is air transport both within Greenland and between the island and other nations.

There is also scheduled boat traffic, but the long distances lead to long travel times and low frequency. There are virtually no roads between cities because the coast has many fjords that would require ferry service to connect a road network.

Kangerlussuaq Airport SFJ [] is the largest airport and the main aviation hub for international passenger transport.

It serves international and domestic airline operated flight. Nuuk Airport GOH [] is the second-largest airport located just 6. GOH serves general aviation traffic and has daily- or regular domestic flights within Greenland.

GOH also serves international flights to Iceland , business and private airplanes. There are a total of 13 registered civil airports and 47 helipads in Greenland; most of them are unpaved and located in rural areas.

The second longest runway is at Narsarsuaq, a domestic airport with limited international service in south Greenland.

All civil aviation matters are handled by the Danish Transport Authority. Most airports including Nuuk Airport have short runways and can only be served by special fairly small aircraft on fairly short flights.

Kangerlussuaq Airport around kilometres 62 miles inland from the west coast is the major airport of Greenland and the hub for domestic flights.

Intercontinental flights connect mainly to Copenhagen. Travel between international destinations except Iceland and any city in Greenland requires a plane change.

There are no direct flights to the United States or Canada, although there have been flights Kangerlussuaq — Baltimore , [] and Nuuk — Iqaluit , [] which were cancelled because of too few passengers and financial losses.

Sea passenger transport is served by several coastal ferries. Arctic Umiaq Line makes a single round trip per week, taking 80 hours each direction.

Cargo freight by sea is handled by the shipping company Royal Arctic Line from, to and across Greenland. It provides trade and transport opportunities between Greenland, Europe and North America.

Several thousand Greenlandic Inuit reside in Denmark proper. The majority of the population is Lutheran. Nearly all Greenlanders live along the fjords in the south-west of the main island, which has a relatively mild climate.

Both Greenlandic an Eskimo—Aleut language and Danish have been used in public affairs since the establishment of home rule in ; the majority of the population can speak both languages.

Greenlandic became the sole official language in June , [] In practice, Danish is still widely used in the administration and in higher education, as well as remaining the first or only language for some Danish immigrants in Nuuk and other larger towns.

Debate about the roles of Greenlandic and Danish in the country's future is ongoing. The orthography of Greenlandic was established in [] and revised in A majority of the population speaks Greenlandic, most of them bilingually.

It is spoken by about 50, people, making it the most populous of the Eskimo—Aleut language family, spoken by more people than all the other languages of the family combined.

Kalaallisut is the Greenlandic dialect of West Greenland, which has long been the most populous area of the island. While Greenlandic is dominant in all smaller settlements, a part of the population of Inuit or mixed ancestry, especially in towns, speaks Danish.

Most of the Inuit population speaks Danish as a second language. In larger towns, especially Nuuk and in the higher social strata, this is still a large group.

While one strategy aims at promoting Greenlandic in public life and education, developing its vocabulary and suitability for all complex contexts, there are opponents of this.

English is another important language for Greenland, taught in schools from the first school year. Education is organised in a similar way to Denmark.

There is ten year mandatory primary school. There is also a secondary school, with either work education or preparatory for university education.

There is one university, the University of Greenland in Nuuk. Many Greenlanders attend universities in Denmark or elsewhere.

Religion in Greenland : [] []. The nomadic Inuit people were traditionally shamanistic , with a well-developed mythology primarily concerned with appeasing a vengeful and fingerless sea goddess who controlled the success of the seal and whale hunts.

The first Norse colonists worshipped the Norse gods , but Erik the Red 's son Leif was converted to Christianity by King Olaf Trygvesson on a trip to Norway in and sent missionaries back to Greenland.

Rediscovering these colonists and spreading ideas of the Protestant Reformation among them was one of the primary reasons for the Danish recolonization in the 18th century.

Under the patronage of the Royal Mission College in Copenhagen, Norwegian and Danish Lutherans and German Moravian missionaries searched for the missing Norse settlements, but no Norse were found, and instead they began preaching to the Inuit.

The New Testament was translated piecemeal from the time of the very first settlement on Kangeq Island, but the first translation of the whole Bible was not completed until An improved translation using the modern orthography was completed in Today, the major religion is Protestant Christianity , represented mainly by the Church of Denmark , which is Lutheran in orientation.

There are still Christian missionaries on the island, but mainly from charismatic movements proselytizing fellow Christians.

The rate of suicide in Greenland is very high. According to a census, Greenland holds the highest suicide rate in the world.

However, at the same time, alcohol prices are far higher, meaning that consumption has a large social impact.

Through a number of initiatives the prevalence along with the fatality rate through efficient treatment has fallen and is now low, c.

In recent decades, the unemployment rates have generally been somewhat above those in Denmark; [] in , the rate was 6.

Today Greenlandic culture is a blending of traditional Inuit Kalaallit and Scandinavian culture. Inuit, or Kalaallit, culture has a strong artistic tradition, dating back thousands of years.

The Kalaallit are known for an art form of figures called tupilak or a "spirit object. Greenland also has a successful, albeit small, music culture.

Some popular Greenlandic bands and artists include Sume classic rock , Chilly Friday rock , Nanook rock , Siissisoq rock , Nuuk Posse hip hop and Rasmus Lyberth folk , who performed in the Danish national final for the Eurovision Song Contest , performing in Greenlandic.

The singer-songwriter Simon Lynge is the first musical artist from Greenland to have an album released across the United Kingdom, and to perform at the UK's Glastonbury Festival.

The music culture of Greenland also includes traditional Inuit music , largely revolving around singing and drums.

Sport is an important part of Greenlandic culture, as the population is generally quite active. Handball is often referred to as the national sport, [] and Greenland's men's national team was ranked among the top 20 in the world in Greenland has excellent conditions for skiing , fishing , snowboarding , ice climbing and rock climbing , although mountain climbing and hiking are preferred by the general public.

Although the environment is generally ill-suited for golf, there is a golf course in Nuuk. The national dish of Greenland is suaasat.

Meat from marine mammals, game, birds, and fish play a large role in the Greenlandic diet. Due to the glacial landscape, most ingredients come from the ocean.

It is stronger than the familiar Irish dessert coffee. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 1 July Large island in northeastern North America.

This article is about the island and autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark. For other uses, see Greenland disambiguation.

Autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark. Resi sempre gratuiti. Scopri le collezioni Grünland. Hai dimenticato la password? Dichiaro di aver letto l'informativa sulla privacy e presto il consenso al trattamento.

Accetta Ulteriori Informazioni. Calzature Grünland: come scegliere la giusta misura? Posiziona il piede su una superficie piana con il tallone contro un bordo dritto o una parete.

Posiziona un righello accanto al piede, toccando lo stesso bordo dritto del tallone. Donna Uomo Bambino.

Appendix to Initia GrГ¦ca, Part I: Additional Exercises, with Examination to Initia GrГ¦ca, Part II, Containing Easy Reading Lessons (Englisch) Taschenbuch – Many of the books in our collection have been out of print for decades, and. Translations in context of "10 euro taxi ride from" in English-German from Reverso Dinner at a restaurant on Passeig de GrГ cia will cost you euros on A 15min walk to WESTLAKE and just 11 yuan taxi ride from the train station. The diverse combinations of the dispersants with three binders (a partially and a fully hydrolyzed polyvinyl-alcohol (PVA) as dissolved binders and a dispersion. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu's millions of a der essay fs diwali Aufsatz in Englisch für die Klasse 3 wo. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'inland' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Icelandic saga accounts of life in Greenland were composed in the 13th century and later, and do not constitute primary sources for the history of early Norse Greenland. Want to learn more? The non-binding referendum on self-governance favoured increased self-governance by 21, votes to 6, Knauf Why Trump's attitudes to global warming are baffling scientists. Electricity has traditionally been generated by oil or diesel power plants, even if there is a large surplus of potential hydropower. GIZ International Services has der finden Spielothek Lederhecke Beste Sulzdorf in an far been responsible for the content, organisation and logistical aspects of seminars involving over 4, experts - including the invitation and selection of participants and tutors. If you are flying to warmer countriesbear in mind that when equipment is transported in an air-conditioned luggage hold condensation can form on it when it is unloaded, because of the click the following article differences in temperature. Es soll Deutschen bis zu 30 Jahren ermöglichen, Land und Leute kennenzulernen, und Erfahrung im Umgang mit Japanern und der japanischen Kultur zu sammeln. The particular strengths of the " Kleine Zeitung ": its passion for the country and its peoplethe broad range of reporting and the innovative enthusiasm, which GrГ¶nland Englisch content and design constantly sought to be up-to-date, often even being ahead of its time. Freundlichkeit der Mitarbeiter im Pool-Bereich.

Walker to explore the possibility of buying Greenland and perhaps Iceland. Opposition in Congress ended this project.

The United States tried to construct a subterranean network of secret nuclear missile launch sites in the Greenlandic ice cap, named Project Iceworm.

It managed this project from Camp Century from to before abandoning it as unworkable. With the Danish constitution, Greenland's colonial status ended as the island was incorporated into the Danish realm as an amt county.

Danish citizenship was extended to Greenlanders. Danish policies toward Greenland consisted of a strategy of cultural assimilation — or de-Greenlandification.

During this period, the Danish government promoted the exclusive use of the Danish language in official matters, and required Greenlanders to go to Denmark for their post-secondary education.

Many Greenlandic children grew up in boarding schools in southern Denmark, and a number lost their cultural ties to Greenland. While the policies "succeeded" in the sense of shifting Greenlanders from being primarily subsistence hunters into being urbanized wage earners, the Greenlandic elite began to reassert a Greenlandic cultural identity.

A movement developed in favour of independence, reaching its peak in the s. This gave Greenland limited autonomy with its own legislature taking control of some internal policies, while the Parliament of Denmark maintained full control of external policies, security, and natural resources.

The law came into effect on 1 May On 21 June , Greenland gained self-rule with provisions for assuming responsibility for self-government of judicial affairs , policing, and natural resources.

Also, Greenlanders were recognized as a separate people under international law. Denmark upholds the annual block grant of 3.

This is generally considered to be a step toward eventual full independence from Denmark. Greenland is the world's largest non-continental island [71] and the third largest area in North America after Canada and the United States.

Greenland also contains the world's largest national park , and it is the largest dependent territory by area in the world, as well as the fourth largest country subdivision in the world , after Sakha Republic in Russia , Australia 's state of Western Australia , and Russia's Krasnoyarsk Krai , and the largest in North America.

The ice flows generally to the coast from the centre of the island. A survey led by French scientist Paul-Emile Victor in concluded that, under the ice sheet, Greenland is composed of three large islands.

All towns and settlements of Greenland are situated along the ice-free coast, with the population being concentrated along the west coast.

The northeastern part of Greenland is not part of any municipality, but it is the site of the world's largest national park, Northeast Greenland National Park.

At least four scientific expedition stations and camps had been established on the ice sheet in the ice-covered central part of Greenland indicated as pale blue in the adjacent map : Eismitte , North Ice , North GRIP Camp and The Raven Skiway.

There is a year-round station Summit Camp on the ice sheet, established in The extreme north of Greenland, Peary Land , is not covered by an ice sheet, because the air there is too dry to produce snow, which is essential in the production and maintenance of an ice sheet.

In , a small island, 35 by 15 metres by 49 feet in length and width, was discovered by arctic explorer Dennis Schmitt and his team at the coordinates of Whether this island is permanent is not yet confirmed.

If it is, it is the northernmost permanent known land on Earth. In , the existence of a new island was announced.

Named " Uunartoq Qeqertaq " English: Warming Island , this island has always been present off the coast of Greenland, but was covered by a glacier.

This glacier was discovered in to be shrinking rapidly, and by had completely melted away, leaving the exposed island.

More islets are likely to appear as the sheet of frozen water covering the world's largest island continues to melt".

Up to Stage 0 it showed postglacial glacier stages dating back about 7,, years. The climatic glacier snowline ELA was at about metres 2, feet.

The current snowline Stage 0 is nearly unchanged. During the oldest Postglacial Stage VII an ice-stream network from valley glaciers joined each other and completely covered the land.

Its nourishing areas consist of high-lying plateau glaciers and local ice caps. However, due to the rise of the snowline about metres feet — corresponding to a warming of about 1.

Findings show that Greenland has lost 3. There are approximately known species of insects in Greenland, which is low compared with other countries over one million species have been described worldwide.

The sea is rich in fish and invertebrates, especially in the milder West Greenland Current ; a large part of the Greenland fauna is associated with marine-based food chains, including large colonies of seabirds.

The few native land mammals in Greenland include the polar bear , reindeer introduced by Europeans , arctic fox , arctic hare , musk ox , collared lemming , ermine , and arctic wolf.

The last four are found naturally only in East Greenland , having immigrated from Ellesmere Island.

There are dozens of species of seals and whales along the coast. Land fauna consists predominantly of animals which have spread from North America or, in the case of many birds and insects, from Europe.

There are no native or free-living reptiles or amphibians on the island. The island is sparsely populated in vegetation; plant life consists mainly of grassland and small shrubs, which are regularly grazed by livestock.

The most common tree native to Greenland is the European white birch Betula pubescens along with gray-leaf willow Salix glauca , rowan Sorbus aucuparia , common juniper Juniperus communis and other smaller trees, mainly willows.

Greenland's flora consists of about species of "higher" plants, i. Of the other groups, the lichens are the most diverse, with about species; there are species of fungi; mosses and bryophytes are also found.

Most of Greenland's higher plants have circumpolar or circumboreal distributions; only a dozen species of saxifrage and hawkweed are endemic.

A few plant species were introduced by the Norsemen, such as cow vetch. The terrestrial vertebrates of Greenland include the Greenland dog , which was introduced by the Inuit , as well as European -introduced species such as Greenlandic sheep , goats , cattle , reindeer , horse , chicken and sheepdog , all descendants of animals imported by Europeans.

Whale species include the beluga whale , blue whale , Greenland whale , fin whale , humpback whale , minke whale , narwhal , pilot whale , sperm whale.

As of , species of fish from over 80 different families are known from the waters surrounding Greenland.

Almost all are marine species with only a few in freshwater, notably Atlantic salmon and charr. Birds, particularly seabirds, are an important part of Greenland's animal life; breeding populations of auks , puffins , skuas , and kittiwakes are found on steep mountainsides.

Breeding migratory birds include the snow bunting , lapland bunting , ringed plover , red-throated loon and red-necked phalarope.

Non-migratory land birds include the arctic redpoll , ptarmigan , short-eared owl , snowy owl , gyrfalcon and white-tailed eagle.

The monarch officially retains executive power and presides over the Council of State privy council. The monarch is not answerable for his or her actions, and the monarch's person is sacrosanct.

The party system is dominated by the social-democratic Forward Party, and the democratic socialist Inuit Community Party, both of which broadly argue for greater independence from Denmark.

The dominance of the Forward and Inuit Community parties began to wane after the snap and elections.

The non-binding referendum on self-governance favoured increased self-governance by 21, votes to 6, Greenland retains some ties with the EU via Denmark.

However, EU law largely does not apply to Greenland except in the area of trade. The Queen's government in Denmark appoints a high commissioner Rigsombudsmand to represent it on the island.

The commissioner is Mikaela Engell. Greenlanders elect two representatives to the Folketing , Denmark's parliament, out of a total of The government is the Naalakkersuisut whose members are appointed by the premier.

The head of government is the premier , usually the leader of the majority party in Parliament. The premier is Kim Kielsen of the Siumut party.

In , a political scandal resulted in Denmark after a report revealed the government had given tacit permission for nuclear weapons to be located in Greenland, in contravention of Denmark's nuclear-free zone policy.

Formerly consisting of three counties comprising a total of 18 municipalities, Greenland abolished these in and has since been divided into large territories known as "municipalities" Greenlandic : kommuneqarfiit , Danish : kommuner : Sermersooq "Much Ice" around the capital Nuuk and also including all East Coast communities; Kujalleq "South" around Cape Farewell ; Qeqqata "Centre" north of the capital along the Davis Strait ; Qeqertalik "The one with islands" surrounding Disko Bay ; and Avannaata "Northern" in the northwest; the latter two having come into being as a result of the Qaasuitsup municipality, one of the original four, being partitioned in The northeast of the island composes the unincorporated Northeast Greenland National Park.

During its construction, there were as many as 12, American residents but in recent years the number has been below 1, The Greenlandic economy is highly dependent on fishing.

Greenland is abundant in minerals. Other mineral prospects are improving as prices are increasing. These include iron, uranium , aluminium, nickel, platinum , tungsten , titanium , and copper.

Despite resumption [ when? The state oil company Nunaoil was created to help develop the hydrocarbon industry in Greenland.

The state company Nunamineral has been launched on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange to raise more capital to increase the production of gold, started in Electricity has traditionally been generated by oil or diesel power plants, even if there is a large surplus of potential hydropower.

There is a programme to build hydro power plants. The first, and still the largest, is Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant. There are also plans to build a large aluminium smelter, using hydropower to create an exportable product.

It is expected that much of the labour needed will be imported. In early , the Greenland government said that it had no plans to impose such restrictions.

The public sector, including publicly owned enterprises and the municipalities, plays a dominant role in Greenland's economy.

About half the government revenues come from grants from the Danish government, an important supplement to the gross domestic product GDP.

Gross domestic product per capita is equivalent to that of the average economies of Europe. Greenland suffered an economic contraction in the early s.

But, since , the economy has improved. The Greenland Home Rule Government GHRG has pursued a tight fiscal policy since the late s, which has helped create surpluses in the public budget and low inflation.

Since , Greenland has registered a foreign-trade deficit following the closure of the last remaining lead and zinc mine that year.

In , new sources of ruby in Greenland have been discovered, promising to bring new industry and a new export from the country.

There is air transport both within Greenland and between the island and other nations. There is also scheduled boat traffic, but the long distances lead to long travel times and low frequency.

There are virtually no roads between cities because the coast has many fjords that would require ferry service to connect a road network.

Kangerlussuaq Airport SFJ [] is the largest airport and the main aviation hub for international passenger transport.

It serves international and domestic airline operated flight. Nuuk Airport GOH [] is the second-largest airport located just 6.

GOH serves general aviation traffic and has daily- or regular domestic flights within Greenland. GOH also serves international flights to Iceland , business and private airplanes.

There are a total of 13 registered civil airports and 47 helipads in Greenland; most of them are unpaved and located in rural areas. The second longest runway is at Narsarsuaq, a domestic airport with limited international service in south Greenland.

All civil aviation matters are handled by the Danish Transport Authority. Most airports including Nuuk Airport have short runways and can only be served by special fairly small aircraft on fairly short flights.

Kangerlussuaq Airport around kilometres 62 miles inland from the west coast is the major airport of Greenland and the hub for domestic flights.

Intercontinental flights connect mainly to Copenhagen. Travel between international destinations except Iceland and any city in Greenland requires a plane change.

There are no direct flights to the United States or Canada, although there have been flights Kangerlussuaq — Baltimore , [] and Nuuk — Iqaluit , [] which were cancelled because of too few passengers and financial losses.

Sea passenger transport is served by several coastal ferries. Arctic Umiaq Line makes a single round trip per week, taking 80 hours each direction.

Cargo freight by sea is handled by the shipping company Royal Arctic Line from, to and across Greenland. It provides trade and transport opportunities between Greenland, Europe and North America.

Several thousand Greenlandic Inuit reside in Denmark proper. The majority of the population is Lutheran. Nearly all Greenlanders live along the fjords in the south-west of the main island, which has a relatively mild climate.

Both Greenlandic an Eskimo—Aleut language and Danish have been used in public affairs since the establishment of home rule in ; the majority of the population can speak both languages.

Greenlandic became the sole official language in June , [] In practice, Danish is still widely used in the administration and in higher education, as well as remaining the first or only language for some Danish immigrants in Nuuk and other larger towns.

Debate about the roles of Greenlandic and Danish in the country's future is ongoing. The orthography of Greenlandic was established in [] and revised in A majority of the population speaks Greenlandic, most of them bilingually.

It is spoken by about 50, people, making it the most populous of the Eskimo—Aleut language family, spoken by more people than all the other languages of the family combined.

Kalaallisut is the Greenlandic dialect of West Greenland, which has long been the most populous area of the island. While Greenlandic is dominant in all smaller settlements, a part of the population of Inuit or mixed ancestry, especially in towns, speaks Danish.

Most of the Inuit population speaks Danish as a second language. In larger towns, especially Nuuk and in the higher social strata, this is still a large group.

While one strategy aims at promoting Greenlandic in public life and education, developing its vocabulary and suitability for all complex contexts, there are opponents of this.

English is another important language for Greenland, taught in schools from the first school year.

Education is organised in a similar way to Denmark. There is ten year mandatory primary school.

There is also a secondary school, with either work education or preparatory for university education.

There is one university, the University of Greenland in Nuuk. Many Greenlanders attend universities in Denmark or elsewhere.

Religion in Greenland : [] []. The nomadic Inuit people were traditionally shamanistic , with a well-developed mythology primarily concerned with appeasing a vengeful and fingerless sea goddess who controlled the success of the seal and whale hunts.

The first Norse colonists worshipped the Norse gods , but Erik the Red 's son Leif was converted to Christianity by King Olaf Trygvesson on a trip to Norway in and sent missionaries back to Greenland.

Rediscovering these colonists and spreading ideas of the Protestant Reformation among them was one of the primary reasons for the Danish recolonization in the 18th century.

Under the patronage of the Royal Mission College in Copenhagen, Norwegian and Danish Lutherans and German Moravian missionaries searched for the missing Norse settlements, but no Norse were found, and instead they began preaching to the Inuit.

The New Testament was translated piecemeal from the time of the very first settlement on Kangeq Island, but the first translation of the whole Bible was not completed until An improved translation using the modern orthography was completed in Today, the major religion is Protestant Christianity , represented mainly by the Church of Denmark , which is Lutheran in orientation.

There are still Christian missionaries on the island, but mainly from charismatic movements proselytizing fellow Christians. The rate of suicide in Greenland is very high.

According to a census, Greenland holds the highest suicide rate in the world. However, at the same time, alcohol prices are far higher, meaning that consumption has a large social impact.

Through a number of initiatives the prevalence along with the fatality rate through efficient treatment has fallen and is now low, c.

In recent decades, the unemployment rates have generally been somewhat above those in Denmark; [] in , the rate was 6.

Today Greenlandic culture is a blending of traditional Inuit Kalaallit and Scandinavian culture. Inuit, or Kalaallit, culture has a strong artistic tradition, dating back thousands of years.

The Kalaallit are known for an art form of figures called tupilak or a "spirit object. Greenland also has a successful, albeit small, music culture.

Some popular Greenlandic bands and artists include Sume classic rock , Chilly Friday rock , Nanook rock , Siissisoq rock , Nuuk Posse hip hop and Rasmus Lyberth folk , who performed in the Danish national final for the Eurovision Song Contest , performing in Greenlandic.

The singer-songwriter Simon Lynge is the first musical artist from Greenland to have an album released across the United Kingdom, and to perform at the UK's Glastonbury Festival.

The music culture of Greenland also includes traditional Inuit music , largely revolving around singing and drums.

Sport is an important part of Greenlandic culture, as the population is generally quite active. Handball is often referred to as the national sport, [] and Greenland's men's national team was ranked among the top 20 in the world in Greenland has excellent conditions for skiing , fishing , snowboarding , ice climbing and rock climbing , although mountain climbing and hiking are preferred by the general public.

Although the environment is generally ill-suited for golf, there is a golf course in Nuuk. The national dish of Greenland is suaasat.

Meat from marine mammals, game, birds, and fish play a large role in the Greenlandic diet. Due to the glacial landscape, most ingredients come from the ocean.

It is stronger than the familiar Irish dessert coffee. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 1 July Large island in northeastern North America.

This article is about the island and autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark. For other uses, see Greenland disambiguation.

Autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark. Coat of arms. Kalaallisut Inuktun Tunumiisut. Main article: History of Greenland.

See also: Greenlandic independence. Main article: Geography of Greenland. This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, it is too technical.

Please help us clarify the section. There might be a discussion about this on the talk page. July Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Main article: Politics of Greenland. Margrethe II , Queen of Denmark. Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen. Premier Kim Kielsen.

Main article: Administrative divisions of Greenland. Main article: Economy of Greenland. Main articles: Transport in Greenland and List of airports in Greenland.

Main article: Demographics of Greenland. See also: List of Greenlanders. Entra nella Community Grunland e approfitta dei vantaggi riservati agli utenti registrati.

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Grönland Englisch Video

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Grönland Englisch Video


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